Question 3. What do you mean by “Iqamatuddin”?
The term “Iqamatuddin” literally means “establishing the religion” and is derived from the Qur'an itself. To engage in a struggle for establishing Islam as a historical reality is one of the most important duties in Islam. The evidence for this can be found throughout the Qur'an, as well as in the Hadith and the scholarly tradition of Islam. Indeed, religion cannot thrive if it is limited to the personal life of an individual or, at best, to the sphere of the family. Many of the social and ethical imperatives of Islam are inherently public in nature and, as such, they demand to be enacted in the concrete historical reality. Similarly, the moral values of Islam are meant not for private contemplation but for actualization on the stage of history.
It is important to remember that the term “Iqamatuddin” stands for a duty that has been described in many other ways as well in the Qur’an and Hadith. Phrases such as “establish the religion of God,” “religion should belong to God only,” “people should stand in justice,” or “make God’s word supreme” allude to one and the same obligation. According to the Qur'an, this was the mission of all previous messengers as well.
The Qur'anic notion of “Iqamatuddin” emphasizes the actualization of Islamic moral values in the public domain of human life. We believe that justice is the most crucial element of the public dimension of Islam, as well as one of the central goals of the Shari'ah. Insofar as this is the case, the duty to struggle for the establishment of Islam as a historical reality is practically synonymous with the obligation to strive for the establishment of social, political, and economic justice in the world.
The bottom line is that Allah (SWT), through the Qur’an and the Prophet Muhmmad (SAW), has ordered the Muslims to establish a just social order. Allah (SWT) loves those who are just, and He does not love the oppressors, tyrants, and exploiters. Muslims are supposed to be the instruments through which Allah (SWT) wishes to establish a social order where justice and peace reign supreme, where no one takes another person’s right, and where all are free to be sincere and loving worshipers of their Lord. The immediate purpose of Iqamatuddin is therefore to eradicate corruption, to reform the earth, and to establish justice.
“He has ordained for you as part of your Deen that which He enjoined on Noah, and that which We revealed to you (Muhammad), and that which We enjoined on Abraham, Moses and Jesus, to Establish the Deen, and be not divided therein…”